A Peculiar Cosmology from Supernovae Type 1a and The Derivation of G

This is an older version of my paper which included a derivation of G, but I am backing off that part of the analysis for now.

A Peculiar Cosmology from Supernovae Type 1a
The Derivation of G


Berry Cottrell Ives


A revised Hubble-type relationship is presented based on v/(c-v) = H0D +  I0D2. The analysis was initially performed using the SCP Union1 dataset (307 SN1a), and repeated with the Union2 dataset (557 SN1a) and the Union2.1 dataset (580 SN1a).  The estimated equation from Union2.1 is:  v/(c-v) = 0.069789D - 0.00020310D2, with units in Gly and Gyr.  In conventional units, estimated H0 is 68.24 km/sec per Mpc, very close to the value 67.80 (0.77) km/sec per Mpc published in the Planck satellite CMB studies.  

Universal scale is postulated as derived from v/(c-v).  A universe in a state of accelerated contraction is inferred.  The maximum expanded state is estimated to have been 185.6 Gly in radius, 171.8 Gyr ago, and the current radius is estimated at 26.53 Gly.  A big bounce scenario appears consistent with the parabolic path of the past expansion and current contraction eras, with a full cycling period of about 371 Gyr.  The end of the current contraction era is estimated to occur 13.777 Gyr in the future. 

The value of the Newtonian gravitational constant G is based on the acceleration parameter, I0.  G is found to vary over time with the square of the radius of the universe.  The theoretically derived value for G in the present is 5.860 m3kg-1s-2, which is about 12% less than the consensus value of 6.674 m3kg-1s-2.  This relative error is considered remarkable in the context of the extreme range of magnitudes and error terms of the input values. 


Click on image for a good view of Sully, who just turned two.  I've had him for almost 1 1/2 yrs.  Here he is in the Ojito Wilderness, NM.

There was a man who would not like to think that he is old
who road his bicycle several miles to the Alameda bridge
the old one that is now just for peds and horses and bikes,
and then he would ride across the bridge, 90% of the way
to where he always stopped, parked his bike
walked around and took a few slugs from his water thermos.

One day, when he was coming to a stop there
he saw a dark object, perhaps a hat, maybe 15' away.
After parking the bike he walked over and looked more closely.
It was a black knitted thing, a rasta hat came to mind.

He picked it up to feel it and no surprises,
so he dropped it on the elevated concrete surface 
near the railing on the bridge.
He heard a clank.

He walked back to his bike and then wondered about
the contents of that mysterious "hat"…what was the clank?
Then he went back to the hat and opened it up
and he found a glass bong…without stash…unbroken by the fall.

Upon examination
the hat was acrylic and made in China
in a very loose knit
with an elastic lower edge.
Cheap hat: great bong storage.

The bong was a rather beautiful thing
about 6" long through the stem
and 3" high through the bowl and tank
with multicolored glass and good form.

It was quite dirty so when he got home
he googgled "how to clean a water pipe"
and found several consistent methods
to do so with salt and rubbing alcohol 

and he did.

It was a perfect present out of nowhere
because he had been thinking how
lousy it was to smoke out of an aluminum can.
Water seems to work better than air.

He had seen an injured coyote earlier, 
favoring its right rear leg,
and tried to spot it again on the way back
but it was nowhere to be seen.